The Translation of Theory to Practice in the Midst of a Pandemic:
Challenges in Higher Education
Keywords: experiential learning, service learning, internship, pandemic, theory to practice
Authors describe the challenges that occurred in experiential learning as a result of the pandemic. Higher education relied on didactical and organizational learning environments to provide a scaffold within a remote delivery system from which the translation of theory to practice occurred, and to promote discourse on multiple perspectives when experiential learning opportunities were immobilized.
The translation of theory to practice is an important aspect of the higher education learning environment. Much of this translation occurs in the classroom setting through coursework, discussions, and case simulations. However, experiential learning opportunities provide a scaffold by which theory becomes reality. Experiential learning provides students with skill development and meaningful immersion (Samur & Duman, 2011; Caine & Caine, 1990).
Experiential learning comes in many forms, from services learning projects to clinical internships, and is used in a variety of disciplines to better prepare students for their foray into professional careers. These types of learning opportunities challenge studies by destabilizing their constructed knowledge, promote community awareness and exposure to social issues, in turn testing biases, and encouraging social responsibility (Nwokah & Leafblad, 2013; Guthrie & McCracken, 2010).
The worldwide pandemic has greatly decreased access to experiential learning opportunities. Internship settings, particularly in social sciences, became remote. The use of teleconferencing replaced face-to-face interactions. The relational aspects of the experiential learning environment quickly dissipated with little opportunity for students, faculty, and community organizations to creatively reproduce the hands-on effect of experiential learning. In turn, theoretical content no longer has the robust context of the community setting.
Industry is also impacted by this sudden shift. As students graduate and move into their chosen professions, their education will not be fully informed by experience-based learning opportunities. These opportunities are met with an increasing number of variables that change the learning environment context in which students must operate in order to successfully engage in an evolving world influenced by globalization, human needs, and technology. They may require additional training and orientation as part of onboarding and professional development, including institutional strategies and goals that are inclusive. The impact of digitalization plays a major role as students and faculty utilize relevant forms of collaborative strategic software.
As we have lost the positive effects of experiential learning, we must devise methods of replacing this with other skill-enhancing processes. This will require collaboration with industry, interdisciplinary partnerships, and a reliance on information technology to establish meaningful experiences that simulate face-to-face interactions, and potentially combine technology with relational opportunities for students and our communities.
Caine, G. & Caine, R. (1990). Understanding a brain-based approach to learning and teaching. Educational Leadership, 48(2), 66-70. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ416439
Guthrie, K. L. & McCracken, H. (2010). Teaching and learning social justice through online service-learning courses. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 11(3), 78-94.
Nwokah, E. & Leafblad, S. (2013). Service learning to promote brain-based learning in undergraduate teaching. Journal of Excellence in College Teaching, 24(3), 69-98.
Samur, Y. & Duman, B. (2011). How an awareness of the biology of learning may have an effect on performance. Education as Change, 15(2), 257-270.
Prof. Dr. Kristi Julian
Middle Tennessee State University, USA
Prof. Dr. Kristi Julian
Dr. Kristi Julian is a Professor and Program Coordinator at Middle Tennessee State University. Dr. Julian is a National Council for Interior Design Qualification (NCIDQ) registered interior designer with experience in facilities design, healthcare, hospitality and construction. Dr. Julian is a Council for Interior Design Accreditation Site Visitor Chair and has over 35 years of practical experience in the field. Her research interests focus on interior design pedagogy, virtual exchange and sustainability. She is a scholarship reviewer for numerous journals including but not limited to American Society of Engineering Education, Journal of Engineering Technology, Interior Design Educator’s Council, Common Ground Research Network Journals, and Sustainability Journal and has over 44 research publications. Dr. Julian is an Accredited Professional with Leadership in Environmental Design Building Design and Construction (LEED BD+C), Evidence Based Design (EDAC) and WELL Building Standard. Dr. Julian is a founding member of the Council of Virtual Exchange (CoVE) and currently its acting Director of Research and Online Interface.